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Understanding Emotions

Understanding Emotions


Hello my name is Heather Baumohl-Johnson
and I am director of member services at Arthritis Action I’m also a clinical
hypnotherapist and I work with people and their emotions regularly can you guess how many emotions a human may experience The answer is very surprising
it’s around 34,000 with this number of emotions it makes us wonder how we ever
get through one day one hour or even one minute thankfully there are different
techniques which we can use to enable us to navigate our way through our
different emotions in 2016 Dr Robert Plutchik an American
psychologist condensed the 34,000 emotions into eight primary emotions
which operate as the foundation for the others the eight emotions are grouped
into opposites joy and sadness acceptance and disgust fear and anger surprise and anticipation an emotion starts when an individual experiences the feelings and recognises what is being experienced once the brain
identifies the emotion the body responds for example if you touch something hot
you automatically move your hand away this is beyond our control whereas
others are within our control for example facing the fear of giving a
presentation or singing on a stage you have the ability to
cognitively analyse or in other words work out the cause of the
emotion for example it might be similar situations environments or actions by
keeping a note of these instances you can track how these emotions impact on
your well-being once you have this information you can take control of your
emotions and are better able to verbally communicate your internal feelings with
others also we communicate what we are experiencing by facial expressions body
language movements and hand gestures this is known as the motor component so
our emotions not only affect us internally but they also affect how we
communicate and how others see us and interpret our actions while all of this
is taking place our bodies also experience a chemical reaction known
as a physiological component for example when panicking we hold our breath and
this may lead to a slight tingling sensation in our hands every one of us
experiences to some degree what I have just mentioned but the intensity and
expression is different for each of us our emotions affect not only the way
others treat us but our own inner sense of well-being many of us tend to think
that our emotions are programmed into our body’s physiology in a similar way
to that of our reflexes but this is not the case therefore whether we are
experiencing positive or negative emotions we often blame everything from
the weather to our genes on our emotions by doing this we give our emotions the
power to control us however by using and practicing the following tips and
techniques you can take control of your emotions and learn when it is good to
control your emotions for example getting over stage fright and when
emotions are appropriate and required for example jumping out of the way of an
oncoming fast approaching car emotions are natural experiences of life it is really important to recognise the emotions you are feeling and what the
cause of these emotions are learning how to recognize and then control these
emotions can help you reduce your pain and live more active lives free from the
impact of arthritis

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