How We Could Build a Moon Base TODAY – Space Colonization 1

How We Could Build a Moon Base TODAY – Space Colonization 1

Humans dream about leaving Earth
and traveling through the galaxy. But we were born too early to be part of it. Or were we? The reality is, we could begin our dream
by building a Moon base today. We actually do have the technology and current estimates from NASA
and the private sector say it could be done for 20 to 40 billion dollars,
spread out over about a decade. The price is comparable to
the International Space Station or the budget surplus of Germany in 2017. Not that big an investment really. The payoff would be immeasurable. The Moon is a sandbox to develop new technologies and exploit unlimited resources. It would start a new space race and lay the foundation for us to spread out
into the solar system and beyond. It would create a vast array of new
technologies to benefit us on Earth and we would all be part of it. So, why aren’t we doing it? Well, sadly, it’s hard to get governments interested in long-term investments in the future of humanity. Let’s imagine, just doing it. If we start today, how would we build a Moon base? Throughout history, colonization happened in phases: In the first phase of the age of exploration
of the new world, for example, European monarchs funded expeditions to chart
and discover and to stake their claims. They planted a flag and set up a camp,
but they didn’t stay. In the second phase, small missions set up outposts and settlements were founded, which was still very dependent on
their home countries for supplies. Some failed, but others survived and
established a permanent presence. Only then, in the third phase, did a true colony form to which tradesmen and laborers could emigrate, creating new wealth and opportunities
for themselves and their families, sending extreme wealth back
to their countries of origin. When we colonize the Moon, we’ll go through the same three phases. This time, without murdering millions
of innocent people in the process. The Moon is not a welcoming place for living things. A Moon day lasts 29 Earth days, with a difference of maybe 300 degrees
Celsius between sunlight and shade. There’s no atmosphere to shield us from meteorites,
big and small, or cosmic radiation. Worse still, the lunar surface is covered
in a layer of nasty jagged dust. The Moon is hard. But we’re good at doing hard things. In the first phase of lunar colonization, our explorers proved it can be done that a new world can be reached. This face started 60 years ago with the Apollo missions. Since then, satellites like the American Lunar
Reconnaissance Orbiter have mapped the Moon, while rovers like the Chinese Yutu,
have studied the composition of the lunar surface. Looking for water, ice and metals. Phase one is more or less complete. We know what we need to know to enter phase two. In the second phase, astronauts will build the first Moon base and this could begin today. The first small Moon base could
be completed in a decade. The first nation that establishes this base, will be akin to the first nations building outposts
in the new world 500 years ago. It’s expensive to send rockets to the Moon. So we will send as little as possible. The base will be light, little more than inflatable habitats
for crews of no more than 12, and will be deployed somewhere with a natural shelter. Options include caves,
like underground lava tube tunnels, or craters near the poles,
where the days are six months long. These astronauts will not stay long. The habitat is likely to be abandoned between missions, as solar panels cannot generate
electricity during the lunar night. But they’ll do the groundwork to enable
humans to stay permanently. Our first crew will consist of scientists and engineers who will study the composition of the Moon and whose experiments will explore ways
of using the available lunar material. Say purifying the lunar ice and turning
it into water for human use. And water is important for far more than drinking. They can use it to experiment
with growing plants for food. Hydrogen fuel cells will store
power through the long night, extending astronauts’ days. And most importantly: It could be split into hydrogen and oxygen. Rocket fuel! By harvesting water from the Moon
and putting it into orbit, the Moon base will supply an orbital depot. Where scientific missions to Mars and
the outer solar system can refuel. Compared to the Earth, it’s much easier and cheaper
to get things off the Moon into orbit. Colonizing Mars may mean starting from the Moon. But this isn’t a true colony, not yet. The base will be abandoned if funding stops. If we want our base to grow into the third phase,
into a true colony, it must become self-sufficient,
supporting itself via exports to Earth. Now, private contractors arrive looking to get rich
off lunar resources and support services. If it’s cheaper to produce rocket fuel in space, what else can they get rich on? They could extract precious metals, abundant in impact craters and other raw materials from the lunar regolith. One promising possibility is the mining of helium-3, an isotope that could one day be used
in nuclear fusion reactors, something the Chinese lunar exploration
program is currently looking into. Future colonists may export helium-3 back to Earth, providing us with cheap and clean fusion energy. Asteroids could be pulled into
the Moon’s orbit and mined. With commercial exports to Earth, the colony is fully in its third phase, self-sufficient and economically productive. Our base will begin using lunar material in its
construction projects, if it’s to continue growing. Fortunately, lunar soil has all the necessary
ingredients to make concrete. Robotic mining rigs can sift
the lunar dust for organic molecules and could be used to build huge structures way too massive to be brought from Earth. While advances in 3D printing, will make it possible to produce almost
everything else the crews need. It’s hard to say when exactly the colony
becomes self-sustaining. Growth is gradual, experiments are replaced by industry and the population steadily reaches the hundreds, encompassing more than just scientists. Engineers, pilots and contractors representing
countries and corporations will be present. Two of these people will make a breakthrough. Not scientific, but social. They will have the first extraterrestrial child. Throughout history, the birth of the first child was celebrated
as a moment where the seed of a colony finally and irreversibly took root. Here, it means that the Moon is not just a place
for scientists and engineers to work, it’s a place for people to live, to raise a family. Once this transition happens, the colony grows rapidly, building more habitats and schools and farms and
all the things needed to support the growing population. As our colony grows, all kinds of new technologies
will be invented to sustain it. They might develop crops
that efficiently recycle carbon dioxide, or the grow with very little water. They might find ways to recycle and
reuse 100% of their waste, technologies that are extremely valuable for Earth. They could even build the first
space elevator in the Solar System. With a space elevator, spacecraft,
astronauts and raw materials, could be brought back and forth from lunar orbit, without needing to use rockets at all. The Moon may become a hub for economic activity
on a scale that’s hard to imagine right now. It’s hard to say who will own the colony at this point. Will the first person born on the Moon
take the national identity of their parents, or will a new generation melt together
into a new lunar society? And when existing treaties that bar any nation
from owning the moon are inevitably rewritten, will the colonists be given a say? Will they declare independence from the Earth? However it happens, the Moon is a perfect sandbox to learn
how to colonize the Solar System, the perfect project unify nations, and the only way to guarantee our survival as a species, should something tragic happen on Earth. If we ever want to colonize the Milky Way, we’ll have to start somewhere. So why not start there? Why not start now? While unfortunately you can’t jump on a spacecraft and go to the Moon right now, you can learn more interesting things
about space and our universe. And we can even help you with that. Kurzgesagt and Brilliant are collaborating
on a six-part video series about our favorite science and space topics. Kurzgesagt has worked with Brilliant for a while now and we love what they’re doing. In a nutshell, Brilliant teaches you science
and maths with a hands-on approach, by solving puzzles yourself, you learn to understand
concepts instead of just memorizing facts. If you’d like to think more like a scientist, go to and sign up for free. The first 698 people to use the link get their
annual premium membership at a 20% discount and also support our collaboration with Brilliant.

Comments (100)

  1. There's brand new stuff in the Kurzgesagt Merch Shop. Check it out here:

  2. Simple answer to all of this don't have governments fund the stuff, let private corporations like space x and blue origin do it. Privatize it and let the free market take over instead of government contracting it would happen quicker and have better funding.

  3. Im not gonna cooperate with weyland industries!!🤔 5:18 the way they handle the xenomorph is just not right.

  4. The problem is that country’s are going to fight over the moon wich could lead to war

  5. Have you seen moblesuite gundam Unicorn

  6. This man should be a government

  7. Yep build all that stuff and then a meteor shower happens

  8. Could we create an atmosphere on the moon, like by building a bunch of factorys that release co²?

  9. The USSR should have been reestablished. There is no other way to colonize the moon!

  10. if you fire a .357 magnum bullet on the moon the gravity and lack of air resistance will cause the bullet make a full orbit around the moon

  11. In 2020 for the US and China announced that there’s going to be another space race back to the moon but the pod people there permanently and to build a space base

  12. Great, now i can play fortnite with people from the moon

  13. Living on the moon only seems cool to us because we can’t do it. But when we begin colonizing it, nobody born on the moon will want to live there. Imagine being told that right above your head lies a green oasis, but you’re stuck on a dead rock because of your parent’s choices. Anyone in that position would be pissed off and leave the moon immediately.

    Basically, everybody wants what they don’t have – even if what they already have is objectively better.

  14. NASA needs to see this

  15. WHY

  16. I cant go full screen

  17. 2:12
    Ladies and gentlemen…

    We got'em

  18. 1 year later doing nothing

  19. The first person born on the moon…….. wait.

  20. Part 5: Moon declares independence and become the perfect target for "nuclear accidents"

  21. Kurzgesagt: You can't go to the moon right now.
    Me: Hold my toy rocket-ship.

  22. We would actually have to go to the moon first before we can think about building a base on it.

  23. Uh, you skipped the part where they're genetically engineered to not lose bone and muscle mass in prolonged zero-G environments. Same thing is going to have to happen to any permanent mars colony.

  24. I hope Artemis will get on the moon!

  25. Men. If only i was a quantillioner..

    I would have funded every NASA's project including this already.

  26. Watched the first minute of the video only to realize that the video hasn’t gone through introduction

  27. What about gravity? If you're born there then your heart wont be strong enough for earth, your other muscles too. How could you take the G's of escaping anywhere else?

  28. I feel like the government is too lazy to go to the moon

  29. You thinking what I’m thinking

    Space weed

  30. Damn, this video made me feel all optimistic and hopeful!

  31. Mann. If you only new what elon is going to do in the coming years

  32. Please let me reincarnate as a human in 5050!!!!! pleaseeeeeee

  33. The good news : With carrying fission reactors based on Thorium it would be enough energy to supply a lunar base and in this way we would not depend solely on the lunar day.

    The bad news : Lunar gravity is not good for humans, so this base would never be a definitive settlement for families to establish, less if there are growing and developing children. This will be so until in the future a floor tile is invented that can artificially increase gravity and simulate 1G on the floors of lunar cities.

  34. SCHOOLS 😵 Hell nah if there is school on the moon I’ll kill myself easily

  35. 6:00
    has anyone realized that the Chinese character for moon, 月, appears on the box?

  36. What people think will happen in the next decade:

    What really will happen in the next decade: "Apple releases the iPhone 20 with 50 cameras"

  37. This makes me want to play stellaris

  38. Pretty animations, nice words, nice voice, but the scientific level of kindergarten.

  39. Easiest way… Use portal gun…

  40. I'm not watchin this. "Murdering" people in the new world I'm guessing yo urefer to smallpox. They didnt do it on purpose its fuckin bacteria.

  41. elon, watch this, only you can do this in our lives, i want to see that ;-;

  42. so gay people can not form a family on the moon first ? how do gay people feel about this ?

  43. If anyone nation is gonna colonize the moon it's sure as hell gonna be humans. Space travel shouldn't be linked to any one nation. The lunar colony and those living on it should represent Earth and all of mankind respectively because they would be paving the road to the future for humans.

  44. Why is there so much things talking about what they will be called there still humans

  45. Id love kurzgesagt to make a colony building pc game with all of the details you guys talk about. Itd be great.

  46. How all this can be possible. SUPPORT. Without support. Nothing can be done whatsoever. You need someone to help you reach heights and do more.

  47. Four phases of Conolization =

    1.) Stake a claim

    2.) Build an outpost

    3.) Make a colony

    4.) Start a revolutionary war

  48. The budget of the Berlin Airport lol

  49. "What's your nationality?" – "I'm moonian."

  50. We're not doing it, simply beceaus they dont want to remove money of the system. If only we be working toward that, Then humanity would have a chance to survive. Restricting ur survibility, but also limited ur willing to survive.

  51. why hasn't this started its 2019

  52. how do we get oxygen faster then spaceships

  53. I just hope some super rich dude watches this video and decides to make a moon base because of it

  54. I heard somewhere that we are not going to the moon because they are aliens there and they warned us to stay away from the moon. I think these were the words from a dying astronaut. I am unsure though.

  55. Kurgesagt: We can make a temporary moon base by 2028

    NASA: well do it by 2024

  56. Phase 4:flat mooners

  57. I made it to the top 200! YAY

  58. did you know NASA announced they will make a moon base in 2021? its true!

  59. I can imagine the sales on the first moon water. “Moon water the purest water in the universe” people will buy that shit up he’ll I’d buy that shit up!!

  60. Me encantó en los subtítulos min 2:56 la misión apollo

  61. i dont want to die before going and living at moon

  62. The reality : Flat Earth, God, Moon lighter of the night, the closed firmament, "There is no place to go"(Bill Nye)

  63. it would happen in 2010 no 2020 no 2030 no 2040 no 2050 no 2060 no 2070 no
    why not start there why not start now?

  64. Who else spotted the cheese moon robot from Wallace and gromit at 0:20

  65. Bruh what about earth tide

  66. 2503:(Orbital combat was just invented by game companies who make science fiction games)

  67. 좆같은 소리하네. 역사는 항상 반복되고 인류는 같은 실수를 반복한다. 아주 너무 당연하단듯이 낙관적으로 얘기하는 쿠르즈트사가트가 어이가 없을정도. 당장 중국만 봐도 국가간의 이권에 혈안이 되어서 민족성과 파시즘을 강요하는 상황인데 이런 말도 안되는 너드새끼들의 논리를 듣자니 구역질이 나올뿐이다

  68. The moon is already occupied lol

  69. I have been to the dutch space expo where the people working there say that in a year or 2-4 we Will beging phase 2/2.5 with just Some rovers 3D printers glue and regeroth the dust of the Moon so it is coming almost

  70. United States lets go hurry up and pay up so I can go to the moon

  71. as our colony grows, it will be smashed by a meteoroid

  72. Ah yes i can finally have me a moon krusty cabs!

  73. The moon was, is and always will be Chilean. :, (. (no offense) (half joke)

  74. Your almost at 10M Subs!

  75. Moon: We need to convert Ice into Water to have something to Drink!
    Earth: We need to convert Water into Ice to not die of Rising Sea Levels!

  76. NASA: Becomes a fully fledged government on the moon.

    US: Wait, that's illegal.

  77. It's sad that politicians are more worried about tax cuts than the future of humanity.

  78. The Moon is a harsh Mistress

  79. Please, make a video about colonization of planet Kepler and/or Europe (Jupiter's moon)

  80. Jeff Bezos can build a moon base! What

  81. If no one have done this when I am 70-80 years old I am going on a fucking rampage.

  82. Before we build a moon station we need to stabilise the earth.

  83. Great video! Love this stuff! One question though. The first people to stay for very long would start losing bone mass (among other things), wouldn't they? Without sufficient gravity, the bones and muscles would undergo some really weird changes, and it wouldn't be very fun. So… what then? We can't exactly 'farm' gravity….

  84. future me please comment about how i can now jump on a spacecraft and goto the moon.

  85. What how about colonizing the sun can we just get some fireproof stuff

  86. What if there was oil in moon

  87. Kurzgesagt is the best

  88. When u don't have the moon dlc so ur stuck on earth lol

  89. One day


    Day one

  90. Elon Musk wants to know your location

  91. 1st Israeli on moon :

    God promised us this land

  92. 6:55

    No , They will use protection B-)
    Or 'pull out' 😉

  93. If we had the drive and inspiration that the people in the 1960s and 1970s had we would have already had a base made and producing.

  94. some humans … idiotic kind …

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