Hong Kong and Macau Compared

Hong Kong and Macau Compared

Hong Kong and Macau Both are mostly self-governing territories within China, just 61 kilometers, or 38 miles apart. Both are cities No they’re not, Mr. Beat, you idiot Ok, ok. Both are special. Special administrative regions of China, that is, based on China’s one country, two systems principle. According to CGP Grey, they are both “the most country-like countries that aren’t countries.” Confused yet? Basically, Hong Kong and Macau are a part of China, but both get a lot of leeway to decide how they want to do stuff compared to the rest of China. China takes care of their foreign affairs and military defense and they take care of everything else. Both have a presidential limited democracy, although Hong Kong seems more open to expand that democracy than Macau. Both are part of the Pearl River Delta, which is probably the biggest urban area in the world based on both its size and population. Some estimates put the population of the Pearl River Delta metropolitan area at 120 million people! Oh my goodness. What? 120 million? No way. Russia has like just 24 million more people than that. Ok sorry, anyway, both are incredibly densely populated. Macau is the most densely populated territory in the world and Hong Kong is 4th. There are people everywhere, man! So maybe this makes sense, but the largest ethnic group in both regions is Chinese. However, Hong Kong has a significant Filipino and Indonesian minority and Macau has a significant Macanese minority, which is a mix of Portuguese and Asian ancestry. Wait, Portuguese? Huh? Yeah, well both Hong Kong and Macau are former colonies of Western empires. Until 1997, Great Britain controlled Hong Kong. Until 1999, Portugal controlled Macau. Because of that, the two were heavily influenced by foreign powers and not as much influenced by China. Actually, over time, the foreign powers left them both alone, too, and they thrived, probably because of that. In fact, both Hong Kong and Macau are two of the richest territories in the world due to free markets working their magic there. Indeed, both make a lot of money. Hong Kong’s GDP per capita is about $45,000 a year, the 12th highest in the world, although it is dealing with some dramatic income inequality right now. Macau’s GDP per capita is over $104,000 a year, making it the 3rd highest in the world. Macau is so rich that it doesn’t know what to do with all the extra money, so its government gives it back directly to the citizens. Both have very low taxes compared to most of the world. However, residents of Hong Kong do pay about 25% more taxes than residents of Macau. Despite this, according to the Heritage Foundation’s Index of Economic Freedom, Hong Kong ranks number one in the world, and has been ranked number one every year since the list began 23 years ago. Macau is ranked 34th on that same list. The cost of living in both countries is pretty similar, although Macau is about 3% cheaper currently, mostly due to Hong Kong’s higher housing costs. Both have low unemployment. Based on the latest numbers I could find, Hong Kong’s unemployment rate is 2.9% and people were freaking out recently when Macau’s unemployment went up from 1.8% all the way up to 1.9%. I’m obviously kidding. That’s a ridiculously low unemployment rate. Speaking of ridiculous, both have a ridiculously high life expectancy. Hong Kong has the 7th highest life expectancy in the world, with people there living, on average, until the age of 83. Macau has the 4th highest life expectancy in the world, with people there living, on average, until the age 85. Related to this, both countries provide universal healthcare, with primary services free for its citizens. The infant mortality rate is low in both countries, but a bit lower in Hong Kong. Both are at least partially located on an island. In Hong Kong, there is Hong Kong Island and all the New Territory islands. In Macau, there are the islands of Taipa and Coloane. Being so close to each other, both have the same type of climate, classified as humid subtropical. (Wayne’s World clip) Residents of both Hong Kong and Macau mostly speak Cantonese, although English is also an official language in Hong Kong. So Hong Kong and Macau seem to have quite a bit in common, but what about their differences? Hong Kong is about 40 times bigger than Macau, with about 18 times more coastline. Hong Kong has more mountains and hills than Macau. Macau is generally flat. And yeah, Hong Kong has a lot more people, with a total population of 7.4 million people. Macau has about 632,000. Residents of Hong Kong are generally older than residents of Macau. The median age in Hong Kong is 44 and the median age in Macau is 39, and Macau is growing at a slightly higher rate. Based on their European colonial heritage, Hong Kong’s legal system is mostly similar to the English model, whereas Macau’s legal system is more based on the Portuguese model. Unlike the rest of China, traffic drives on the left side of the road in both territories. Mass transit is definitely superior in Hong Kong. The Mass Transit Railway, one of the most profitable mass transit systems in the world, serves more than 5 million passengers a day. Over 90% of daily trips in Hong Kong are made using public transit, a higher percentage than anywhere else in the world. Macau is not known for its mass transit, but is currently building a light rail system to be completed some time in 2019. What about religion? Well, Hong Kong has a weird hodgepodge going on. The majority of Hong Kong residents practice a mix of Chinese folk religions, mostly revolving around Buddhism, sprinkled in with Taoism, Confucianism, and in some cases even atheism. The biggest minority religion is Protestantism, followed by Catholicism and Islam. In Macau, it’s also a hodgepodge, but overall it does not seem to be as religious as Hong Kong. As I said earlier, both economies are strong, but Hong Kong’s main industries are trading and logistics, tourism, professional and producer services, and especially financial services. Hong Kong is one of the world’s leading financial centers, up there with New York and London. Macau’s main industries are tourism, clothing, and textiles, but especially gambling! Boy do they love their gambling there. There are casinos everywhere. Macau reportedly makes seven times as much money from gambling as Las Vegas does. Hong Kong and Macau have different currencies. Hong Kong has the Hong Kong…dollar and Macau has the Macanese pataca. In general, most places in Macau accept the Hong Kong dollar as a currency, but Hong Kong establishments ain’t accepting the pataca, so don’t even think about it. Looking at the skyline of Hong Kong is kind of like time traveling to the near future. There are more skyscrapers in Hong Kong compared to Macau…by far. In fact there are more skyscrapers in Hong Kong than the rest of the world. Using the definition that a skyscraper is any building at least 150 meters, or 500 feet tall, Hong Kong has 1,223 skyscrapers. In second place is New York City, which has 754. Macau has just 51. Hong Kong competes in the Olympics, while Macau does not have an Olympic team. Hong Kong’s culture is a bit more cosmopolitan than Macau. In fact, people often describe Hong Kong as the place where “East meets West,” although the Portuguese influence on Macau culture is pretty strong Really, Hong Kong and Macau are two of the most unique places in the world. And maybe that’s a good place to end it. Hong Kong and Macau have their differences, sure, but the two stand out in the world as two places most of the world aspire to be like. I mean, look at them. They are amazing. I got a lot of suggestions to compare Macau and Hong Kong, so there you go If you want me to compare two places, let me know those two places in the comments but remember the first priority goes to my Patreon supporters They get dibs for suggestions. So if you want your suggestion to get priority, donate on Patreon at least $3 a video. And thank you for watching. This series is a lot of fun. Let’s keep it going for about 30 years.

Comments (100)

  1. What did I leave out or get wrong looking at Macau and Hong Kong? Which two places should I compare next?

  2. Macau and Brazil are two of the most important jewels 💎 that Portugal left to the world

  3. i never heard about this

  4. Literally no one speaks Portuguese in Macau ever

  5. Do a Delaware and Rhode Island Compared episode!

  6. Mr. Beat, can you please do a video comparison between Belgium and Switzerland?

  7. 6:03 lol the Amazigh/Berber symbol

  8. 0:46 that is North Korea

  9. your voice and expressions are fucking gay

  10. holy shit i really tried to enjoy the video because the content is good but hooooly shit… i couldnt stand second more hearing you talk

  11. You say the word "countries" a lot when referring to HK and MO, but it's wrong. They are both not countries.

  12. Oh, about that light rail, it's actually being built by Hong Kong's MTR!

  13. This vlog illustrates "one country, two systems". Using the UK model, why not one country (China) and two semi-autonomous city-states under the military protection of PRC? July 1, 2019

  14. Compare RoC Taiwan to PRC. There is significant anxiety about Xi Jinping's ambition to strangle Hong Kong first, then the conquest of Taiwan. Historical resemblance of Emperor Huangdi. 7/1/2019

  15. Compared Puerto Rico and Spain

  16. 邊個係香港人

  17. I am a Macanese and I absolutly LOVE how I can use google here.

  18. Hong Kong Independence!

  19. Macau has soul (Portugal ruled it for 500 years). Hong Kong is a corporation (Brits ruled it for 100 years)

  20. Compare India v Pakistan

  21. Its ironic how modern day conservatives in America want free market yet oppose globalization. Hmm

  22. How about MANILA and BANGKOK 😊

  23. Recently travelled to Hong Kong (and took a day trip to Macau), these places are amazing by all standards!

  24. singapore vs hong kong next

  25. Can you compare Malaysia with Singapore or Malaysia with Indonesia

  26. Johannesburg and Cape Town?

  27. Hong Kong is not China. Macau is not China

  28. I live in macau 👌👌👌👌 but i am noth Chinese uwuwu

  29. You were right first time, " Great Britain"

  30. Hong Kong is crumbling

  31. Judging from the number of churches and religious schools, I think Hong Kong is more Catholic or Christian than others.

  32. Macau has a official rule that buildings near the light tower cant be higher than the light tower , so the sky scrapers are less than hongkong ….

  33. you have a mistake in the map of China you should keep in mind that Taiwan is a part of China According to the agreement of 2758. so please correct your map

  34. Fun fact, at 4:16 that Hong Kong hospital has closed and abandoned till now

  35. I rather live in Macao than Hong Kong.

  36. ….and then there's Taiwan.

  37. can you compare India and China.

  38. the map of China is wrong. Fake!

  39. It is wrong calling the two places 'countries' by any standard! Please be professional.

  40. Hong Kong stands out to have a higher gini coefficient rating, and life here SUCKS if you aren't one of the richest

  41. San Francisco vs Chicago

  42. And soon China will eat them and all will change

  43. As a Portuguese I'd like to live in Macau

  44. Macau GDP increased about 10 times since it came back to China.

  45. 4:46 Although I'm a Macanese, I still don't know what did he said XD

  46. Macau and HongKong are not countries! Ok? They both belong to China !!

  47. 臭傻逼 我们海南岛和台湾岛被你吃了?

  48. Hongkong all the way

  49. Please use the correct map of China.

  50. 5:37, the lady on the left picture is a Hong Kong actress…

  51. 你好,我是一个 YouTuber。我們建了一个 YouTuber 的微信群,一个方便大家一起沟通,交流,切磋,修炼,提高的平台。

  52. Just gotta say, fuck communism in mainland.

  53. Most luxury sport cars, most expensive apt and also, most density of buildings, Somehow make foreigners jealous to limit among how rich they are in hk

  54. I don want my city belong to China in future and actually not from there or else. Portugal ruled Macau for 400 years, CPC was founded in 1949, why many people from China said “Macau belong to China” what??! that same to HK or Taiwan.

  55. macau is so small

  56. hk has cubing team

  57. Compare the emptiness in my ex's soul and Antarctica

  58. More like 1 country 3 system

  59. the map should contain Taiwan. Thanks

  60. I live in Macau and I love it. Hong Kong is also a very nice place. It’s so expensive which is a shame. Macau has 3 Islands which is also pretty cool! I myself live in Coloane but work in Taipa. Great video by the way

  61. Very good explanation. How do you know so many facts ? I m HK guys

  62. I am from Hong Kong

  63. I wonder how China taking over Hong Kong and Macau will impact their economic freedom ranking and their overall economy. After all, China is far from being a free market

  64. Hong Kong has the worst living standard/space compares the other developed countries or cities.

  65. 喔!你卜街啦。地圖冇台灣。我話比媽咪知。

  66. Fun fact, the casinos in Macau are not built for Macanese but for Chinese tourists

    and the light rail had been being built for more than 10 yrs

  67. 0:44 was actually a North Korean soldier not Chinese lol

  68. The Health its not free for all citizens just for civil servant

  69. You clearly forgot about Zhuhai…

  70. Hong Kong protests, Macau doesn't.

  71. Unemployed here match with employment rate of hongkong

  72. People in Macau gets $9000 every year

  73. Macau China people are good then hong Kong.

  74. It’s not that good tho, I’m a Macanese and I can definitely tell you that although the taxes are not that high, the money of buying a flat is so much higher that you cannot afford if you just rely on WORKING, especially almost every house in Macau is flat, you don’t have garden you don’t have swimming pool or even balcony yay. So sad.

  75. I love macuo there i know the say friend on macuo it is pangyaw

  76. CGP grey get more credit in this ( I watch his videos a year before this)

  77. Portuguese is an official language of macau but only 5% speak it. Most of us speak Chinese, cantonese and english.

  78. Do not wear black clothes often,not long time ago someone aggressive fight those

  79. Macau is a beautify territory. I was there few months ago 😁can't wait to go back again! Definitely worth visiting. I love to travel; love to take pics and videos and share my experience😁

  80. thrive due to free market? Very misleading description. They both thrive due to CHINA, free market just play a small role.

  81. you should do Auckland and Wellington NZ

  82. I am from Macau.

  83. Things are going crazy in Hong Kong…So thx for giving me some hope

  84. Hello Mr. Best can you compare Italy and Spain?

  85. Excellent comparison.

  86. Macau is the world's mecca for Gambling.

  87. Portugal pay China a kind of tax to building a Holbor in China in 1557, to make busny with China. Britan took Hong Kong by force in sex XIX, involved China in 2 wars, "Thre Opio Wars", wich Britain win.

  88. Sounds like both HK and Macau have been dependencies of China since the late 1990s, having been previously dependencies of the UK and Portugal respectively!

  89. Taiwan is probably even more country-like country that isn't a country than HK and Macao

  90. You don't see the dark side of Hong Kong. The skyscrapers belie the fact that one fifth of its citizens live in poverty. Housing affordability in Hong Kong is draconian, buying an apartment may cost 50 years of annual income.

  91. So, one country, two systems. Two currencies as well. Hong Kong Dollars & RMB (renminbi). i am born in a country of the same system. Singapore Dollars & RM (Ringgit Malaysia).

  92. One difference between Hong Kong and Macau as of August, 2019: Hong Kong is experiencing protests and riots.

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