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Eric Schmidt at Clinton Global Initiative 2010

Eric Schmidt at Clinton Global Initiative 2010


>>Ladies and gentlemen, please welcome the
42nd President of the United States, William Jefferson Clinton.
>>CLINTON: Thank you all. Thank you. Please be seated. Thank you. Thank you very much.
Thank you and welcome to our 6th Annual Meeting. I want to thank all of you for being here,
our sponsors who make this possible, Sheraton for hosting us again. Particularly in this
difficult economic time, I appreciate the choice that every one of you made to come
here and to participate. Since 2005, the CGI has evolved in many ways. One of the most
important things that has happened is that so many people have met here and formed different
alliances that we now essentially operate all year long. We have a full time commitments
office where we help people all year long to prepare commitments for the coming meeting,
and now we have action networks focused on issues that people particularly care about;
whether it’s Haiti, the empowerment of women and girls, building a new energy economy,
cancer in the developing world. These things, they change from year to year but the people
who are part of the action networks, many of whom are in this audience today, I want
to thank you for the year round work that you have done. At this year’s meeting, we’re
going to try a few other things as well. We will have some brief keynote talks later today
about the four global challenges that we are dealing with. And we have a group of people
who weren’t here last year, our CGI lead group, a select group of younger people in their
20s and 30s that are making a big difference who are meeting and working together about
what they can do to reach people in their age groups around the world to take on a lot
of these challenges. President and Mrs. Obama will join us for our closing session on Thursday.
And Thursday, night we’ll be rewarding–again, awarding four deserving people our Global
Citizenship Award, so I hope all of you will stay through to the end, Thursday night. I
think you’ll enjoy that. This week, more than 1,300 of you are here. We have 67 present
and former heads of state or government, 600 business leaders, 500 directors of non-governmental
organizations, and of course, a variety of other people with other interests and backgrounds
from 90 countries on six continents; all committed to work together to make commitments that
are specific, measurable and new. By the start of our meeting, our members had already made
291 new commitments valued at $6 billion. We expect that number will grow over the next
three days and in the months to follow as these commitments develop from the conversations
and interactions you have with one another. We are proud that just through our CGI year
round networks, we have 150 new partnerships this year alone already formed. I always like
to begin our meetings by reminding us of where we left off. At the end of last year’s meeting,
we had more than 1,700 commitments over the history of CGI made by thousands and thousands
of people working together that, over a decade, will be worth $57 billion, and that already
have had a positive impact on the lives of 220 million people in 170 countries. Today’s
commitments will raise those numbers to 1,946 commitments valued at $60 billion plus that,
because some of them are already underway, have already impacted 296 million lives. More
than 16 million women and girls have had access to empowerment initiatives. Fifty million
children have been given access to more education. Seventy-five million people have received
better maternal and child health. More than 90 million acres of forest have been protected
or restored. Enough clean energy through the energy initiatives of people here has been
generated to power more than 400,000 homes permanently. Twenty million people have more
access to safe water. Ten million more to micro credit; $1.75 billion has been pledged
to small and medium size enterprises in developing countries to people who would otherwise have
no access to such credit. When Haiti was hit by a series of hurricanes in 2008, CGI members
organized a group to support them and pledged more than $145 million in projects to help
the country build back from what then seemed devastating. They lost 15% of their annual
GDP in four hurricanes. Then came the earthquake which took out 70% of the GDP, hitting 35%
of the population and 33% of the land mass. After that, the business leaders–and I want
to thank, particularly, Denis O’Brien at Digicel, and a number of others of you who’ve been
very faithful on this–who have been driving this. But the business leaders formed an action
network to meet year round, and they have worked in alignment with the Haiti Reconstruction
Commission which I’m honored to co-chair with the Prime Minister of Haiti, Jean-Max Bellerive,
who all of you will see in the course of this. And they’ve made some more commitments which
you will hear about. So that’s where we are. I hope when we come out of this meeting, every
one of you will have a clearer idea about how you can best use your resources in this
climate to promote more economic growth. And all the countries represented here, including
in the United States, if you hadn’t noticed, we need it too. And this is really important,
whether it’s–what I think is our best opportunity–building a new clean energy economy by changing the
way we produce and consume energy, or investing more in agriculture and sustainable food systems,
or empowering more women and educating more girls, reducing the burdens of illness and
dirty water, increasing access to education. Whatever it is, I hope you will have an idea
of what is most needed in the places you care most about on the economy. There are clearly
things that we can do in cooperation with the private sector and with governments to
accelerate economic growth across the globe. The second thing is I hope we’ll have clearer
idea about how we should both respond to natural disasters or man-made disasters and what we
can do to prevent them. We don’t yet have the figures on this decade, I don’t believe.
But in the previous decade, insurance payments for natural disasters were three times what
they had ever been in any previous decade. And we’re all now living in the aftermath
of what happened in Haiti and what happened in Pakistan. We all remember the Indian Ocean
tsunami just five years ago. We’ve been through a lot of these gripping natural disasters
and we had the horrible Hurricane Katrina in the Gulf Coast, and now they had the biggest
oil spill in American history. The Gulf Coast in America has been hit by everything but
a plague of locusts; we’re waiting for it to come in. And I say that only half-jokingly.
There is every reason to believe that the incidents of economically devastating natural
disasters will accelerate around the world with the changing of the climate. I don’t
think you can attribute the earthquakes to climate change because they’re due to tectonic
shifts in the Earth’s planet and, at least as far as I understand, they tend to follow
much longer term pattern changes. But all these other things, if you look at the last
20 years, it’s obvious that these things are going to accelerate, and all of us need to
be better prepared to know how we’re going to deal with these things if they occur, whether
we can prevent them or at least minimize their impact. And finally, I’d ask you as I always
do every year to think about what more, I and you, we could do to engage people who
are not in this room. Most of you who’ve been here before know that we webcast this now.
And we encourage people in every nation on every continent who could never afford to
pay to come here or fly to come here, who don’t have much money but who have good ideas
to make their own commitments over the internet and to participate. And we will try to help
give them support, information, contacts, networks. I believe so strongly that the definition
of good citizenship in the 21st century must include some sort of activity like this; going
beyond voting, obeying the law, paying your taxes, getting a good education if you’re
young, and working hard if you’re no longer young. I just believe the world is so interdependent
and the struggle of the 21st century will be a complicated ongoing blizzard of conflicts
between the positive and negative forces of interdependence, and the limits to what the
private sector can produce and the government can provide are everywhere so evident that
all of us are going to have to do more to step into the breach, to fill the gaps, and
figure out how to do things faster, less expensively, and better, and to keep the experimentation
and change pace going. So obviously, even though I think you’re all immensely talented,
it cannot be that all the people we need working and the way we came here to work are in this
room today. We need to constantly be thinking about how we can get more people back home
to do it. There are also many people here who come from conflict areas where you’re
having political fights. And I find that the more people you can get working together on
specific projects that benefit real people, the easier it is to move beyond conflict to
cooperation. And there are a lot of you who know more about that than I do, but I hope
you will all be thinking about that. What can we do to promote more economic growth?
What can we do to deal with a natural disaster phenomenon? What can we do to get more people
involved in our common endeavors? Now, let’s get on with the show. We begin with three
new commitments involved in the phenomenon I just discussed, the natural disasters. Then
we will have a progress report on a commitment from last year because we try to keep up and
let you all know what happens when people who begin to keep their commitments. And then
we’ll have a new mega-commitment announced by the former President of Ireland and great
human rights activist, Mary Robinson; then we’ll have the opening panel. So let me begin
with new commitment announcements. The first involves Haiti. I would like to invite to
the stage Nancy Dorsinville representing AmeriCares; David Crane of NRG Energy; Monique Rocourt-
Martinez of ISPAN; Daniel Schnitzer of EarthSpark International. So far this year, CGI members
have made commitments worth $224 million to help the people of Haiti recover after their
devastating earthquake. And I will–we’re going to have a special session on Haiti so
I won’t say much about it, but let me just give you one example. In the blink of an eye,
when the earthquake hit in the center of the capital, 17% of the national workforce was
killed, the government workforce. So the poorest country in our region with limited government
capacity lost 17% of its governing, literally, its physical capacity in terms of human people
in the blink of an eye. And we have millions of tons of rubble to remove. We have lots
of work to do. But the reason these commitments are so important is this, the international
community has pledged about $10 billion over the next decade. There’ll be about 10 million
people in Haiti. And that’s about $100 a person a year. That’s not enough to rebuild a country
whose per capita income was $100,000 before the earthquake where 75% of the people lived
on less than $2 a day and 85% of people had no access to electricity before the quake.
We have to do this with private initiative. We have to build a private economy. And we
have to deal with the social challenges of the country through public and private initiatives.
So these commitments are especially important. So let me just describe briefly what is being
done here. AmeriCares and its partner organizations have committed to create safe spaces that
offer social health and financial literacy services for adolescent girls. Working with
80 Haitian peer mentors, the initiative will break the cycle of poverty for 1,000 girls
between the ages of 10 and 19, and help NGOs to establish girl-centered programming. This
is a huge deal. We have–we fight every single day in these camps where more than a million
people are living under tents and tarps against sexually motivated violence against not only
grown women but children. And the Bangladeshis have sent us all female security force to
the UN force. They’ve done a great job down there. We’re making progress, but it is a
huge problem. So this work by AmeriCares and its partners is deeply appreciated. NRG Energy
commits to invest $1 million to install solar panels to power water pumps, schools and street
lighting in the municipality of Boucan Carré. Working with the Solar Electric Light Fund,
thanks to an introduction through CGI, NRG will show that solar energy can provide affordable
and reliable electricity. This is really important. Electricity in the Caribbean is the highest
and most expensive on earth. Electricity in Haiti was averaged 35 cents a kilowatt hour.
If we can take it to 17, which we easily can by increasing the solar and wind capacity,
we’ll be able to get a lot of jobs there, but it means we need to have local solar capacity
hooking up as many buildings as possible so that’s not a drain on what we want to use
to build industrial investment. So I’m very grateful to NRG. Thank you. You’ve been great
on this from start to finish. This is just the beginning. But any of you interested in
this want to know about the Haiti energy scene, the Dominicans have just agreed to have their
electric system and grid hooked up with the Haitians’. Anybody understands the last 200
years of history will find this astonishing. It is wonderful how they are working together.
And we can build them a whole, clean, independent energy future, but we have to have not just
big wind energy and centralized feed into the grid; we’ve got to have localized solar
or we’ll never get it done. This is the beginning of something really big. Thank you. This is–ISPAN
commits to creating a multimedia curriculum on Haiti’s rich natural heritage for children
between the ages of 6 and 12. This initiative will empower future leaders of Haiti by instilling
them a sense of national identity. This is really important. A lot of the greatest cultural
heritage of Haiti was wrecked, totally destroyed, or severely damaged in this quake. They have–for
those of you who have never been there, they have a incredibly unique history and culture
which needs to be preserved and which children need to be able to hold on to through the
difficult next of couple of years while we’re rebuilding. I thank you very much. And EarthSpark
International has committed to reduce Haitians’ reliance on conventional fuels by building
two solar powered microgrids and opening five locally owned stores selling energy efficient
appliances like alternative fuel cook stoves. There are a lot of things going on in Haiti
that could be accelerated with connectors like these microgrids, so we thank them very
much. So these are our first commitments. Let’s give them all a big hand. The next set of commitments involves Pakistan.
So I would like to invite to the stage Roshaneh Zafar of KASHF Foundation; Dominic MacSorley
of Concern WorldWide, Alexandra Stanton of ACS Energy Advisors, and one of our panelists
in just a moment, Eric Schmidt of Google. More than 20 million people have been devastated
by the impact of the flood in Pakistan. The flood has destroyed roads, bridges, homes,
lands, and hospitals, access to clean water is severely limited, and Pakistan is facing
a public health emergency of drastic proportions. You see, whenever you have anything like this,
the first thing you have to worry about is waterborne illnesses; outbreaks of cholera,
dysentery, diarrhea. And when people start dying, almost of them will be six years old
or younger. So, I want to thank everybody who is concerned about that. Our CGI members
are making commitments that address immediate needs including clean water, food and the
long term challenges of creating jobs or building infrastructure, and spurring a sustainable
recovery. The KASHF Foundation commits establish of fund for the rehabilitation of 10 communities
severely affected by the flood to improve livelihoods especially those of women, through
cash grants and microfinance, and to support the construction of clean water infrastructure
in schools. Concern Worldwide U.S. will meet the emergency needs of more than a half a
million, 558,000 of the most vulnerable people in KPK, Balochistan, Punjab, and Sindh provinces,
including food, aid for farmers, and funding for infrastructure. To establish long term
water and energy infrastructure, ACS Energy Advisors, partnering with WorldWater and Solar
Technologies will donate solar-powered water purification machines which also serve as
energy efficient generators to provide clean drinking water. Google will give a million
dollars to flood released efforts and work to develop new technologies to aid in this
and future humanitarian crisis, to enhance tools including the person finder that they
helped to develop in Haiti which saved God knows how many lives. This is a big deal,
we need this everywhere; and also helped a lot in Chile. So, all of these things are
our response, ours as a group, to what happened in Pakistan. I know the world economy in trouble,
I know they’re further away than Haiti, but 20 million people is a big blow, and I hope
that the rest of us will not forget what we might be able to do even as we applaud what
we they’re doing. Let’s give them a big hand. Now, our last commitment involves the Gulf
Coast. And I want to ask Vikki Spruill of the Ocean Conservancy, and Philippe Cousteau
Jr. of EarthEcho International to come to the stage. Even before the Deepwater Horizon
oil rig exploded in April, the Gulf Coast was facing a host of challenges; among them,
the aftermath of Hurricanes Rita–Katrina and Rita, the depletion of natural resources,
and a turbulent economic climate. I’ll just–I don’t want to beat a dead horse, but when
Katrina hit, all of you should know that if the wetlands in South Louisiana had been in
the same condition they were in according to a finding by the American scientific authorities
of our government, they had been in the same condition they were in 30 years before, the
water coming up that canal would have been going less than half as fast and 90% of the
damage would have been avoided. In fact, the gate might not have broken at all and virtually
nothing might have happened. A great American city was destroyed in part because its protective
wetlands were first destroyed. The oil spill compounded the preexisting environmental and
economic issues, threatened the livelihoods of thousands of people who rely on the Gulf
for income from tourism, fishing and other industries. We may not know the full extent
of this for many years and Mother Nature may rebound better than we had originally thought,
but regardless, the next two commitments from members of the CGI Gulf Coast Action Network
formed in the wake of the spill show a creative approach that, in any case, will improve the
lives of people in the region. The Ocean Conservancy commits to establish a Gulf restoration center
in Louisiana, to tap into a network of volunteers to support coastal clean up and long term
recovery, to work with scientists to assess the damage to the Gulf, and engage all the
stakeholders to ensure that recovery activities are effective and comprehensive, and advocate
a strong national oceans policy. EarthEcho International commits to empower young people
in the Gulf States through a new citizen journalism initiative in collaboration with the Wallace
Global Fund to provide 1,000 young people between the ages of 11 and 18 with the training
and resources to cover local environmental challenges. The initiative also will develop
and maintain a multimedia website to give these young journalists an outlet for their
stories and keep concern for this issue alive. Good for them. Let’s give them a hand. Now,
I want to invite Mallika Dutt of Breakthrough to the stage to give a progress report on
the commitment made back in 2006. Let me bring her up by saying that before we had a separate
section on women and girls, she was concerned that one in five women in the world will be
a victim of rape or attempted rape at some point in their lifetime, one in three will
have been beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused. The majority of young people who never
darkened a schoolhouse door are girls. She was on this a long time before it became a
priority of CGI. She made a commitment and I would like for her to report on it. Mallika?
>>DUTT: We have to go from the tall to the short. Thank you, Mr. President, and good
morning, everybody. I’m so honored to be able to report on Breakthrough’s 2006 commitment
to reduce the twin pandemics of violence against women and HIV AIDS. And of course, I would
like to salute you, Mr. President and the entire CGI team, for making the empowerment
of women and girls a priority this year. As we all know now, domestic violence and HIV
AIDS are very closely linked. Married Indian women who experience both physical and sexual
violence demonstrate an HIV infection rate that is a higher prevalence of four times
more than women who do not experience violence. Four years ago, we committed to reduce HIV
AIDS and gender based violence in India through cutting edge, compelling campaigns. We wanted
to initiate public dialogue, change attitudes, and change behavior, so that we could reduce
human rights violations like domestic violence, HIV infections within marriage, and homelessness
faced by HIV positive women. Our most recent campaign Bell Bajao! or ring the bell calls
on men and boys to become partners in breaking the cycle of violence against women. Across
the country, we’ve been delighted to gather stories of men and women who are interrupting
violence in the home next door by ringing the door bell when they hear abuse. We’ve
reached 124 million people so far in India alone and recently won a Cannes Lion at the
International Advertising Agency Awards. Along with our mass media work, we train young people
and community leaders to become rights advocates, to become change agents in their communities.
We’ve trained more than 75,000 rights advocates and they have reached another two million
people at the grassroots level. We’ve achieved a 49% increase in awareness of the Protection
of Women from Domestic Violence Act. And a 15% increase in access to service for battered
women. Building on the extraordinary success of Bell Bajao in India, we are so delighted
to announce our 2010 Clinton Global Initiative Commitment. We’re going global. Bell Bajao
Global Campaign is being launched right now at this instant. And we are so pleased that
the UN Secretary General, Mr. Ban Ki-moon, is our first Global Champion. We really hope,
Mr. President, that yourself and other male leaders in this room will join us in Bell
Bajao. We hope to galvanize men and boys from around the world, across all walks of life
to partner with us to end the cycle of violence against women. I’d like to end–I’d like to
close by paraphrasing one of sheroes Eleanor Roosevelt. As she so eloquently said, “Where,
after all, do human rights begin? They begin at home. They begin with you.” Thank you.
>>CLINTON: Thank you, Mallika. Thank you for your new commitment and for asking the
rest of us to join. Now, I want to invite to the stage the former President of Ireland
and great international human rights activist Mary Robinson to announce a mega-commitment.
In the last few years, we have worked harder and harder to get more and more groups and
individuals together around specific commitments so they could leverage each other’s strength
and have a bigger impact on more people. The first one is the one that Mary will introduce
now. Thank you.>>ROBINSON: Mr. President–I’ve got a sexy
voice. I’ve got a bad common cold. I’m delighted to announce this particular commitment, because
I’ve been an admirer for a long time of waste pickers worldwide and this is, as you said,
a mega-commitment. So listen up. Every second, 52 tons of trash are deposited in landfills
across the world. Garbage leeches toxins into our waterways, releases greenhouse gases into
our atmosphere, and creates unsavory and unsafe living and working conditions. GCI members
come from vastly different geographies, economies and cultural backgrounds, but all of their
communities are burdened by environmental degradation and health problems connected
to trash. Issues exacerbated for impoverished populations and women who make up the majority
of waste scavengers or pickers worldwide. So Mr. President, I’m very pleased to honor
the following members who are addressing this critical issue. First, I’d like to invite–introduce
of John Williams of HDR Engineering. With his leadership, members of CGI’s Rethinking
Waste Action Network have come together to turn waste into income, resources and energy.
I would also–I would also like to introduce Roxanne Mankin Cason of the Cason Family Foundation
which is launching a new web club forum that will facilitate partnerships with corporations
to empower waste pickers around the world especially women. Jyoti Mhapsekar of Stree
Mukti Sanghatana–it’s not an Irish expression–will train 250 women and girls waste scavengers
in India in environmental entrepreneurship. Doug Woodring of Project Kaisei and Paul Gilman
of Covanta Energy Corporation. Project Kasei will launch the plastic disclosure project
which will require that companies report their plastic footprints. Covanta is partnering
with Project Kaisei to collect plastic debris from the world’s oceans and turn it into a
valuable project using a new way of waste-to-energy technology. Joseph Adelegan of the Global
Network for Environment and Economic Development Research commits to convert wastewater into
affordable power and environmentally safe fertilizer for low-income African farmers.
And finally, last but not least, Yousriya Loza-Sawiris of Enhancement of Integrated
Services and Waste Recycling will address Cairo’s growing waste problems in low-income
residential areas. Now, I need the commitment. Is this the commitment?
>>CLINTON: Before they go, I want to just tell all of you something you’d never thought
about this. Hardly anybody comes to an event like CGI thinking they want to make a good
impression thinking about garbage. Very few people in the world get turned on by the idea
that you could close landfills. But if you want to fight climate change, improve public
health, find new sources of wealth for poor people, and create new entrepreneurs, the
closest thing to a silver bullet in the world in most countries is closing all the landfills
in all the cities. We had a commitment last year from an American company that has already
closed the landfill in a Massachusetts town and recovered the biogas and is generating
energy and lowering the cost of electricity and improving the environment and putting
more people to work. But I do a lot of this work around the world through our Climate
Change Project, and almost every landfill is a goldmine which is why so many poor people
scavenge in them because the glass, the plastic, the metal can be recycled. The food can be
turned over to farmers to make organic fertilizer and everything else can be turned into a fuel
source. It can be compacted and used to generate electricity, or you can use the organic material
itself to generate methane or other biogases and use that for fuel. The point is that all
over the world in developing countries, valuable land that could be used for decent housing,
it could be used for new factories, it could be used for schools, it could be used for
playgrounds and recreational facilities, is being swallowed up by landfills that are basically
enormous sources of wealth if they’re converted, recycled or compacted and burned for energy.
It’s a terrible waste and a staggering opportunity. I was thrilled that they wanted to be the
first mega source. And of course, those who were concerned about the ocean, you know about
all the trash that’s just wandering around in these big globs in the ocean and all the
problems that presents. So, if you have any interest, I would urge all of you to contact
these folks or contact us if you care about what’s going on at home. But every country,
rich and poor, that is struggling with major landfill issues should look at those who have
looked at those and seen goldmines, or maybe the better analogy is oil wells. They’re energy
sources, wealth sources and you can recover the land and give them to people who really
need it for purposes that are really needed. Let’s give them a big hand. Thank you. Now,
I want to get right into our panel. And we’re going to have a few discussions with an extremely
interesting panel about the shape of CGI this year, what we’re talking about, and how we’re
doing it. First, I’d like to bring to the stage the Chairman of the Board and the President
and CEO of Proctor and Gamble Company, Bob McDonald. They–Proctor and Gamble has been
a great partner with us over the years in trying to improve the lives of people through
their commitment to provide more safe and clean water and a number of other initiatives.
Their goal is to reach five billion consumers in the decade ahead. If they do, they’ll have
a lot more money to help us. Our next panelist is Melinda Gates, the co-chair of the Bill
and Melinda Gates Foundation, and I might say it is not only the biggest foundation in the
world; thanks, in no small measure, to her, it is probably in so many ways the best. I
had the honor of going to Africa with Bill and Melinda and listening to her talk to village
people about health practices and other practice related to the treatment of AIDS and other
basic healthcare. And they have done an amazing job of melding their access to resources with
looking at real, hard research data, not being driven by anything other than the facts on
the ground about what people’s problems are and how best to solve them. My admiration
for the work they do around the world is boundless. Our third panelist, I just mentioned, is Eric
Schmidt, the Chairman of the Board and CEO of Google Inc., who has been an enormously
strong supporter of much of the work our foundation does around the world. But I’m particularly
grateful, as I said, because of this Person Search effort that Google in Haiti. There’s
no telling how many people, lives were actually saved and how many people’s misery was actually
lessened because of the information that Google could give to a country that otherwise had
no sophisticated and occupation system and could not have had a sophisticated disaster
recovery system because of its level of income and development. And the final panelist, in
the–my last year as President, I had the honor of spending with her in her first year.
Still the President of the Republic of Finland, Tarja Halonen and… The important thing for
everyone else to know, if you’ve never been to Finland, is that President Halonen has
been co-chair of the World Commission on the Social Dimensions of Globalization; in other
words, how can average people and poor people wind up ahead instead of behind in a globalized
economy. She has served as the co-chair of the Council of Women World Leaders. And she
has a country that consistently finishes in the top five in all global rankings of the
quality of education, the way the economy works, the distribution of wealth and opportunity,
and that’s just about the only political thing I’m going to say while you’re here. I’m hoping
that if we’re not living in a totally evidence-free world, some of the things that she says will
demonstrate that every successful country in the 21st century has both a vigorous and
effective and relevant private sector and an effective government, and the NGO movement
is more effective where the government works and the private sector works. And if you just
take one out, as some people in America think would be a wonderful idea, it makes it even
more difficult. And if you keep score, if you keep score in the old fashioned way what
percentage of your people are well-off and are better off, it seems to me that our friends
in Finland have done a pretty admirable job of dealing with the challenges and seizing
opportunities of the 21st century world with the private sector doing what it should and
the government doing what it should and supporting the development of a non-governmental movement.
So I’m glad they’re all here, let’s get on with the conversation.
>>HALONEN: Take it easy [INDISTINCT] when you are in Finland.
>>CLINTON: So, first, one of the things that we’re talking about are market-based solutions,
so I want to start with Bob McDonald. Proctor and Gamble this year committed, listen to
this, to a saving at least one life every hour in the developing world by providing
two billion liters of clean drinking water every year with these little PUR packets they
have which don’t cost very much money. And I should tell you that when we started webcasting
this CGI and people who couldn’t possibly afford to come here started following it on
the internet and they wished to make their own commitments all over the world, one of
the most attractive things were two–we got–we have the former President of Nigeria here,
President Obasanjo. We had we had a guy from Nigeria call and say, “I don’t have much money.
I want to buy those PUR packets. I got five dollars. I want to–however many I can buy,
I want to buy them, and you send them to people to save their lives.” So what I want to ask
you is why do you do this? And is this just because you’re good hearted or is it really
also good for the company over the long run? And if you know, does this effort have a disproportionately
positive impact on women and girls?>>MCDONALD: Well, the Proctor and Gamble
Company has been around for 172 years and over that time, our purpose has always been
to touch and improve lives all over the world, and the people join the company because of
that purpose. Fifty-one of the largest economies in the world are companies, they’re not countries.
Forty percent of global trade is done by companies, not countries. Companies have a role to play
and we think that role is big. So, as you said, Mr. President, we’ve had this program,
Children’s Safe Drinking Water with these little PUR packets that clean up one liter
of water, for six years and over that six years, we’ve contributed 2.4 billion liters
of clean water. But as you’ve said, today we’re making a new commitment here at CGI
that we will save one life every hour by doing two billion packets every year, not just 2
billion, 2.4 billion packets for the last six years. We think it’s appropriate and we
think that it’s good business as well as good philanthropy. And consumers around the world
today, they want to know what they’re buying into when they spend their dollars for products.
So we think it’s good for the world and good business as well.
>>CLINTON: So, in other words, big international companies that work more like Finland are
going to make a lot of money, right? That’s good.
>>MCDONALD: Yes, sir.>>CLINTON: That was my editorial comment,
but that’s essentially what he said.>>MCDONALD: That is what I said.
>>CLINTON: And President–your predecessor, former President…
>>HALONEN: Yes.>>CLINTON: … Martti Ahtisaari, he likes
that. Thank you. Melinda, recently, the Gates Foundation announced that it was investing
1.5 billion dollars over the next five years to support women and girls especially in the
fields of maternal, newborn and child health, family planning, and nutrition programs. This
comes after your major agriculture development initiative which place women at the center
of the strategy for agriculture in the developing world. When you started all this foundation,
you first became known for your commitment to making schools better in America and dealing
with AIDS around the world. How did you morph your global concerns into these last commitments?
Explain it and explain what do you expect good to happen out of it.
>>GATES: Well, Bill and I care deeply about equality around the world. The premise of
the foundation is that all lives have equal value. And when you look at what’s happening
with childhood deaths around the world, that is the children that die under the age of
five, there is something incredibly tangible as a world that we can do about that. The
number of deaths in 1960 of children around the world under five who died was basically
about 30 million kids. Then we got down to 12 million kids in 1990 when the Millennium
Development Goals were set. We’re now down to 8 million children dying every year under
the age of five and we think that’s unfathomable, and we think that there’s something that we
and many partners in this room can do about that to half that yet again. And we’re accelerating
the rate by taking things like vaccinations that we have in places like the US and the
UK, getting those out to children, and also developing vaccines for which there is no
market in the US; a pneumonia vaccine, for instance, or a diarrheal vaccine. Accelerating
the development of those and getting them out globally is something that can literally
cut that rate in half yet again. So if you look at the Millennium Development Goal that
were set around childhood deaths, Millennium Development Goal number four, we want to actively
work on that. We also want to work on the maternal deaths. We still have 345,000 women
a year who die basically when they’re in labor. There is something we can easily do about
that and to save these lives, in some cases, cost just a few dollars and, in some cases,
pennies. And so when you look at how to make progress on those two Millennium Development
Goals, number four around childhood deaths and number five around maternal deaths, it
all comes down to women. You’ve got to put the power of the–in women’s hands. You’ve
got to give them a reproductive tool, so they can decide when they want to have those children,
so they can naturally bring down their birth rate, and you’ve got to make sure they have
these life saving interventions, whether it’s a vaccination, whether it’s a mother learning
that if she breastfeeds her baby exclusively, that will help keep that newborn alive. If
we’re going to make progress on those things, we have to go after the mothers and we’re
doing that all over the world, but predominantly working with the Indian government in two
states in Northern India. We’re working with the Nigerian government in Nigeria and also
Ethiopia, and we’re seeing progress in countries like Ethiopia and Malawi who are really building
out their health system and setting goals around these two Millennium Development Goals.
>>CLINTON: What about the agriculture thing? How did you get into involving women in agriculture?
And I have–I’ll tell you in a minute why I asked, but go ahead.
>>GATES: Well, if you look at farmers around the world, the small holder farmers, which
is what most of the farms are in Africa, are very small; less than two hectares, and 70%
of them are women owned, women run. And so you have to reach the women. If you don’t
get the women with the new seeds or the fertilizer or help them store their grain or get their
grains to market, you’re not going to make any progress on that number one Millennium
Development Goal which is cutting poverty in half. You know, 1.3 billion people have
lifted themselves out of poverty since the Millennium Development Goals were set. We
can do a whole lot–that’s phenomenal, that’s huge progress and huge impact. But if we’re
going to get the rest of that goal done around the world, you’ve got to go after women.
>>CLINTON: Look–yeah–let me just say, my foundation does a lot of work with farmers
in Malawi and Tanzania. And I was out in rural Tanzania looking at this agriculture project
we did helping people grow corn and soybeans, and process it in. The average farm was an
acre; a couple of them were two acres. But all the farmers picked a spokesperson, a woman
who only had a quarter acre of land, and she was a widow with one child. So, all we did
was help them with the seeds and the fertilizer and to destroy the pest, and then we directly
marketed their products so they would not have to go through a middle person. And this
woman said that she went from an $80 income for a whole year–$80 she was living on–to
$400, five times as much just by somebody helping her to do what she knew perfectly
well how to do. And she said, “They picked me because my son is in school for the first
time in his life,” because in so many poor countries, they have to pay tuition. And I
think we forget about a woman’s roles in economic development. And the other thing you’ve said
about the family planning decisions, I think it’s worth pointing out that as far as I know,
the only unbreakable law of social development, it seems to go across all religions, all cultures,
all geographical reasons, is that whenever the girls of the world have access to school
and the young women of the world have access to the workforce, the age of marriage and
first child bearing is delayed and the birth rate goes down as a matter of course. So,
I really thank you for what you’re doing. I think it’s important. Eric, one of the big
debates that we’ve had ever since we started this, one of the debates that you and I participated
in back when I was president, long before we started this, was, “What could the technology
revolution do for poor people?” We started with, “What could the technology revolution
do for poor people in America? Should there be broadband in every rural county in America?
Would it enable people to stay where they are and do business and the like? So, why
don’t you start with Haiti, but tell us what you think all of us should be thinking about,
why we should come to the sessions involving technology? Where do you think this whole
thing is going? What can the technology revolution do? We have people here from Kosovo. They
had a horrible war. They’re now trying to grow their economy. We have people here from
Bosnia, from Croatia, from Macedonia, from Guyana. We have–you know, I could just run
through. We have people here who are dying to accelerate the development of their countries.
What is the role of technology for them? They finally ended the war in Sri Lanka. What are
they supposed to do now, now that their President here has ended the war? How does he prove
he was telling the truth when he said, “Whatever your religion is, wherever you live, I want
you to have an equal part in the country’s future.” President Talabani here is trying
to figure out how to get the Iraqis to go from having an election to having a government.
What is the role of technology in all of these?>>SCHMIDT: There’s so much we can do now
but the starting point is always mobile devices.>>CLINTON: Always what?
>>SCHMIDT: Always mobile devices. Now, there are more than a billion smartphones, more
than four billion feature phones as they’re called, and they are the lifeline for information
for many, many people in the world. What is amazing to me is how robust these networks
have become. So even in Haiti and in Pakistan, those networks largely stayed up and served
as a lifeline for rescue and so forth. In building a country, especially a country that’s
recovering from a war, I would start with trying to empower the citizens on an individual
basis with these new devices. They’re not expensive. They can be sourced locally, put
up the towers, make it work. With that, all of a sudden, your citizens have access to
all the world’s information, right, for all the reasons that the Web is successful. But
more importantly, they can begin small businesses. They can begin to advertise. They can begin
to participate in the broader conversations. All of a sudden, their world is no longer
so local. Furthermore, when they’re being fed wrong and incorrect information from the
local charlatan, they can be corrected or they can get another viewpoint. It just changes
their consciousness in a really fundamental way. Over and over again, this development
of mobile devices is probably the single most important thing the technology center has
done in the last 20 years because it allows the world to be one world.
>>CLINTON: Let me ask you a very specific question. Ten years ago–11, to be exact,
when I first went to India, they were already trying to make a big leap forward with the
technology. And I was in this little village in–called Naila, and I saw what their commitment
was. Their commitment was, over the decade which elapsed–just elapsed, that they wanted
every town of any size they have, in some centralized place, a computer which had basic
maternal and child health data on it in visual presentation and in the local language as
well as Hindi. And they wanted a printer so that the poorest women in the country could
have access to the same kind of maternal and child health information that not only the
wealthiest women there, but the wealthiest women in America, could have. That was where
they wanted to start. And they said they could visualize having school books like that. Now,
we’re so far passed that. So here’s what I want to ask. I have–I have a responsibility
now to try to help the Haitians build their first education system ever. And not only
they have a [INDISTINCT] school but to have being in school means something. This is a
big issue in Africa and Latin America, all over the world. You can put everybody in school
but they need trained teacher and adequate materials. Does the iPad and the Kindle, do
they offer us the hope that we don’t even have to have a traditional computer for everyone
to access the world of information? And will it make textbooks irrelevant in developing
countries so that we can dramatically accelerate the move everywhere in the world to adequate
information for school children everywhere?>>SCHMIDT: I think…
>>CLINTON: And if so, how? And how can we afford it and bring down the unit cost?
>>SCHMIDT: So the costs are falling very dramatically. Mobile phones there–that have
high quality screens are now down to about $150 which is still high for a very poor person.
But with buy downs–and there are many, many countries–firms in Africa that are actually
making profitable businesses selling these sorts of phones. India, by the way, which
you mentioned, fast forward 10 years from when you saw that village, now has the fastest
growing mobile phone network in the world; 7 or 8% a year. And it’s just phenomenal.
So in fact, prices are going to fall very, very dramatically. This is technology that
everyone can access. And one of the issues in poor countries, for example, is that physical
textbooks cost too much, and they get lost and so forth and so on. But since everyone
is fundamentally going to have one of these devices, all of that information will be re-purposed
in their local language and on that. So we could–we can do a lot when we can talk to
every single human being.>>CLINTON: But if you were in my position
right now, you’re the co-chair of the Haiti Recovery Commission, the Government has made
the first commitment in the history of the nation to have universal school enrollment
and they have cost not be a bar, which parenthetically folks, will lend 90% of the rest of that–the
child bondage system there. Once you get everybody in school and you don’t have to charge the
parents for it. Would you or would you not place textbook orders or should I be trying
to ship them and to get them sort of technology? [INDISTINCT].
>>SCHMIDT: But, do you remember 15 years ago, you did NetDay here in the United States
which changed American schools, because your position was that every school should be wired
and have access to what ultimately became the worldwide web. It’s the same principle
now. What I would do with Haiti, with respect to education, is I would get the schools wired
with a simple enough connection that they can have a proper computer and let the students
run it. Trust me, they’re so curious. There’s so much information available now. They can
take over. They can really make the country a much better place. And in our case with
Haiti, we actually did low level imagery to show pictures of the disaster and help finding
all the logistic. So that information is there now. It’s just not in physical form.
>>CLINTON: Everybody here–there are lot of people here that are here for different
reasons. But I promise you that all the leaders here from all the developing countries, and
all the people here who are from NGOs in developing countries, this is something they are constantly
struggling with. Even the ones who have universal enrollment may or may not have a universally
high quality teacher training program and access to adequate learning materials. So
any of you who have any ideas on this, not just for Haiti but for all the countries here
represented, this is really worth your input. It’s very important. You’re going to say something
about that?>>HALONEN: So I just thought when I was listening
that discussion that, yes, of course, the modern technology is very important also to
good education. But if I would answer, I would say that I would invest in the education of
the teachers because you can never underestimate the human resources.
>>CLINTON: Talk a little about–I want you to talk about the rest of the world that you
work for women and girls. But first, there’s a huge debate going on in America now about
what it takes to be a successful country in the 21st Century. And this debate is also
going on in many other countries around the world. There’s a lot of shaken confidence,
a lot of lost arrogance in the aftermath of the financial crisis. But there was also a
fairly rapid acceleration of inequality in the globe before this financial crisis going
all the way back to the time when we first–in rapid succession, the world went off the gold
standard and created an international financial system before we had a real international
trade system much less an international social system. And then we had the first oil price
shock which further skewed the income distribution levels in countries. And now we’re having
the argument all over again. What is the role of national governments in the global economy?
How much government is too much? How much is too little? What is the right thing to
do? And it’s a big challenge all across the world. United States has recovered 70% of
its GDP loss since the bottom of the recession; Germany, 60; Japan, 50. But our income distribution
is so skewed, people don’t feel it and we don’t have new jobs. How would you advice
people everywhere not to look in the past and blame the past? Just to figure out–wake
up tomorrow morning, figure out, what in the living daylights are we going to do now? How
do we decide what government should do? What the private sector should do? How to design
a tax system? How to design our relationships with the rest of the world? How to define
our obligations to poorer countries? How do you run your business? How would you advice
all these people to go back home and start day after tomorrow, or Friday, when they go?
>>HALONEN: Thanks. Simple question. But, in the matter of fact, the secretary general
of United Nations, Ban Ki-moon, he wants to know the–have a panel of global sustainability.
And we had our first meeting on Sunday and I will be co-chairing that together with the
President Jacob Zuma of South Africa. He gave a little bit more time for us, to the end
of the next year. But I think that the world is not ready then. The question is, of course,
that when we try to get the sustainable development, what UN and all these Clinton Global Initiative
has been. So, of course, we have this different sides economics, then we have the ecological
side and then we have the social dimension. And we have difficulties to keep all these
three balls at the same time in the agenda. I’m, of course, like all here I think, you
folks, we are all interested and concern about the negotiations for the new climate change
global agreement and that’s very important. But we are also–we have to also–to work
with the financial crisis in all countries and then the people should live day from day,
because after all, these are people, and that’s why I think this is one of the problem. But
we have to keep them, all these three dimensions, all the time in agenda. You mentioned already
the globalization, I remember the time, we were a little bit both younger then, in the
years of 2000, when there were the [INDISTINCT], people were against then for the globalization,
and then 2004 United Nation since decided that it should be the fair globalization which
could help the implementation of these entities. We have tried to do something, for instance
in this fair globalization commission, where we speak very much about the decent job, American–three
members were from USA, and they were onboard with this unanimous report. And, for instance,
then John, gentlemen, you know, John Stiglitz said already that if they–somewhere the weakness
in this global system it’s on international financial architecture. And the other expert
said the same. But we are human beings; we knew how difficult it is to change. And so,
now we have had all this crisis and now G20 and the others have been ready to make the
reforms we should do much earlier. So we cannot change the world in next morning but it’s
not too late to start already today with all these three dimensions. And I do believe democratic
states is one, an important factor, we need a business community and then we need, of
course, NGO active people. And with–I think is the best ease that the many human, every
persons are different type of the characters together. I took the scarf, Mary Robinson
gave it to me, because this is for the maternity health and for the–more broadly, for the
reproductive rights of the woman. And men and women who were yesterday, in that meeting,
they promised to give the strong support to that. So you don’t need to be just the president,
you can be an–also an activist or you can be in business. And that’s the best and I
hope you will be able to remember that during the week. Okay.
>>CLINTON: Well, you may be right but I’m glad you’re still a president. I want to give
you all, we have just a little time left, but I’d like to ask you, so think about this,
Melinda, you and Bill run the biggest foundation in the world. What is the most important thing
you do that smaller groups could afford to do, that would make a difference?
>>GATES: Well, I think for the–for somebody who is thinking about having impact I think
there’s a role for the philanthropic sector to play. And I think if you understand that
role and you think about the impact, the goal that you’ve try to set and the impact that
you’re trying to see along the way; if it’s to help poverty, or it’s to improve people’s
lives through agriculture and help them lift out of poverty, or it’s to get–make sure
that, you know, these 200 million woman that don’t have reproductive health tool that they
want, that you’d get those tools out there. You have to know what your goal is, you have
to set some measurement and impact evaluation that’s going to happen along the way and make
sure that’s built in to what you do and you’ve got to surround yourself with a set of incredible
partners, because at the end of the day it’s the partners that carry out those work on
the ground. I mean the work that we’re trying to accomplish in the childhood goals and the
maternal mortality numbers, you know, one of our partners is Saved the Children. They’re
an incredible organization that learns on the ground. When I go to Mali and I am on
the ground in the villages, I’m side by side with them hearing what they’ve learned over
the number of years they’ve been invested in Mali and invested with the government.
The other thing I would say is, you have to know that your dollars–I mean, we look like
a huge foundation but our dollars are tiny compared to what the impact were trying to
have. And so, we have this catalytic wedge where we can take some risk out of the equation.
We can work on those new vaccines. We can work on different vaccine candidates for the
developing world. But ultimately it’s the governments that have to uptake those large
scale, you know, the donor nations giving money to a fund. But then working with the
governments on the ground, I mean we can only help affect change in Ethiopia in terms of
those maternal death rates and the childhood death rates because the Ethiopian government
has their own plan and we’re plugging into it and we are helping them test some of their
models. Again, we’re trying to do–we’ll take some risks and do some things they may not
want to spend money on, prove them out. But again they have to have their own governmental
plan, just like Malawi, that says, “Okay, if we’re going to reduce our maternal deaths
we’re going to get woman into clinic. That is going to be a policy change we’re going
to make.” So you have to invest with a whole series of partners and governments along the
way if you’re going to have impact.>>CLINTON: I just want to emphasize two things
she said because even though the Gates Foundation has more money than other foundations, as
she pointed out, they can’t move the world. The–more than–the money is either in the
government, or if it’s something that’s commercially viable, in the private sector. And I just–the
thing that I’ve always been impressed with, are two folds. Number one, I love going places
with them and Bill Gates and I did the International AIDS conference together and we sort of [INDISTINCT]
and guessed on–on our speech. But people made fun of me for being a policy [INDISTINCT]
and Gates makes me look like I’m mentally retarded. And–but the point is, you listen
to her, they always talk about the facts. Do you know how many political and economic
decisions are made in this world that have–for people don’t know what in the living daylights
they are talking about. They don’t have a basic factual grounding of what is going on.
I’m not saying there should never be any disagreements but if you don’t have as much money as they
do you–the facts are even more important to you. You can afford to make mistakes that
you don’t have to make. There are plenty of mistakes that are going to be made because
we don’t know the answer. And the second thing is they’re always trying to develop a model
approach that then hopefully some government will embrace. President Kagame told me yesterday–I
was just thrilled that the work Paul Farmer and Partner’s in Health and our foundation
did in two regions of Rwanda, to build them a health care system in two regions that included
not only hospitals but rural clinics and community health workers and everything–he thought
it would work and now other places wanted to build it all over the country. That’s what
you dreamed off. Those are the two things they do that I think are great. Partners on
the ground to go national and have the government take it up, and a relentless focus on what
are the facts. So, when you spend money that doesn’t work out, at least you’re intelligently
risking the money instead of dumbly risking it. And I think it’s really important. So,
go ahead Bob.>>MCDONALD: I was just going to say that
I agree with what Melinda said. That, obviously that–I think, in our case, making our purpose
pervasive, in other words, if your purpose is to touch and improve lives, how do you
make that pervasive in everything you do? You do it through your brands. So, for example
with Pampers, we work with UNICEF and over a hundred partners to eliminate neonatal tetanus
from the world. So far we’ve been able to affect 100 million different mothers from
neonatal tetanus; we’ve eliminated it from the country Myanmar. But also working with
government, we’ve announced that we’re–we’re working with USAID, with the state department
to provide 280 million of these pack–or 280 million litters of safe water for Pakistan.
>>CLINTON: What do those packages cost now? What do you sum?
>>MCDONALD: Well, we’re down–we’re down to about 10 cents including–including the
delivery and on the spot. And fortunately we have 100 different partners around the
world helping us.>>CLINTON: And that will clean up enough
water to feed a family of four for how long?>>MCDONALD: Well, this–this is a–10 litters,
so it’s about one–one–one day. And…>>CLINTON: A dime a day to stay alive, not
a bad deal.>>MCDONALD: I’m sorry?
>>CLINTON: A dime a day to stay alive is not a bad deal.
>>MCDONALD: No, it’s–it’s a great deal and 4,000 children, Melinda mentioned this earlier,
4,000 children die a day from diarrhea or dysentery from unsafe water. 4,000 children
a day, that’s tragic. That should not happen today and if we–if we do this well, we can
solve that problem.>>CLINTON: Eric, beyond telephone, we’re
on the cellphone revolution which I–I think is clearly right. We have known for several
years now that even before all the recent advances, before you could get all the stuff
off cellphones you can, the benefits of spreading it–the world bank came out, several years
ago, saying every 10 percent increase, the cellphone penetration increase TDB six-tenth
to one percent. I’m pretty sure it’s higher than that now because you got so much more
information. I remember when we were doing the tsunami relief, we gave all those fishermen–we
put them back in boats, we gave them all cellphones, and they can call up and down the coast in
India, up and down the coast in Thailand, up and down the coast in Indonesia. Their
income went up to about 10 to 15 percent just because they knew what the pricing was. Nobody
could take advantage of them and they quickly figured out how to do it. All right? Beyond
that, what should all these leaders of developing countries be thinking about in technology?
[INDISTINCT], we’ll just start with the fact that they want to get universal penetration
in whatever form or fashion they can best afford, beyond that, what’s their next steps?
What should they be thinking about?>>SCHMIDT: So, why don’t we just take the
objective that we want to create as many new jobs as possible in these countries, and I
mean new jobs because of technology, because of what it enables. If you think about it,
you start with a mobile phone, which is a basic necessity at this point, I need to know
about my crop price or so fort. Let’s–and I’m talking about a more powerful phone over
time. Let’s think about information markets, let’s think about entertainment markets, let’s
think about the social community, let’s think about all the jobs that are going to be created
because people now have access to both local, national, and global information, that they
did not before. You fundamentally need to be interconnected, we think, to really be
a significant economic force. And you can do this now. And you can do this and you could
take advantage of all the credible natural intelligence and native knowledge that exists
in all of these countries. This will occur with the simple focus, let’s try to get as
many creative people using the technology to create employment, an employment at any
level. Even low paying jobs users, because of their knowledge worker jobs, grow in–grow
in value. There’s a lot of evidence that in many of the developing countries, the primary
source of new jobs is in fact telecommunications because of this fact. Imagine every one of
them is going to ultimately have an entertainment industry, local sources of information, et
cetera. People are always focused on this sort of analytical part and the educational
part, let’s create some jobs.>>CLINTON: If in the coming election, you
were elected president of Haiti, and your job was to put the people back to work as
quickly as possible. Based on what you know, what would you do?
>>HALONEN: If it will be before [INDISTINCT], I will say that “Please elect somebody from
here, from Haiti because that could be a good person. But I can be an adviser.” And so,
I think that the things what could be important is, of course is an open democratic society,
the state where the citizens think that they belong to. That means, of course, fair elections,
it means that we say not corruption. We say that it’s not allowed to steal from the state
or from their fellow citizen. And it means also that we try to make both the public work
to go on–go well and also the private sector. We would encourage them to be creative because
I know that created job in all parts of the world is difficult, especially in developing
countries. So, we need both those who are–who are creating jobs for the others but also
even the smallest entrepreneur. Then we should try to see that what might be those difficulties
if somebody wants to become an entrepreneur. And then I would peak to the women. Women
are half of the population and they are used to work in the hardest conditions and they–any
way, they have to look after their daily earnings and living of their family. I would ask that
the president of Haiti and I hope that it’s not me, would also to have a good, good council
of the women to work with–with him or her and perhaps we could also ask some–would
make a good networking also, why not? Don’t try to look somewhere else. So, but the regional
cooperation is very important. We have done it also up in the north in–in Europe. We
have adopted your system of this Clinton Global Initiative, we have gathered together the
heads of the states and business and NGOs to make a clean Baltic Sea. It’s much smaller
problem–it’s a huge problem but it’s much smaller than this poverty of the world but
it’s not just the global or one state. It’s the regions, it’s the neighborhood. I hope
all the best for the cooperation.>>CLINTON: We’re out of time but I want to
just ask the–I’ll give you a chance to comment on this, you don’t have to if you don’t want
to, but I want you all to think about this, because one of our big topics is women and
girls, and recently the Iranians released one of three people they were holding for
espionage, we don’t think any of them were guilty, they let the girl go. And we’re thrilled,
we Americans. And then they talked about whether they were going to stone a woman to death
for adultery, when her son was trying to save her life, and then they said “Oh, maybe we
wont do that.” Is it really religious conviction or is it believing that wife [INDISTINCT]
still exists in many cultures, that women are basically property and of–entitled less
weight. The rise in sexual violence in the camps in Haiti, I know that most people think
it’s not much higher than it was on the streets in Port Au Prince before, but is there a lot
of that just because of physical weakness or do people still really–is there a wide
spread belief down deep inside in many cultures that still men should have more significance
to society than women. We haven’t talk about that. We always talk about fixes and policies
and all that, and I like that, and because we can’t plum the depths of the human psyche
here. But it’s worth your thinking about. Why, in 2010, do we even have to have these
sessions on women and girls? Why? Because–because I never get it when Hillary drag me–we were
in Africa one time, she dragged me into this beautiful hotel to meet with these women who’d
come in from the country to talk about female genital mutilation and the small hardy cadre
of men who were there supporting them. And how these guys were really at risk of being
ridiculed back home for standing up for what, today, seems like the most normal thing in
the world. I just say that because I think there is something that we can all do about
that and I think we forget this in our peril. There is still a whole set of complicated
assumptions that riffle through out the world. That we have the crown prince here from Bahrain,
one of the best things he’s done to help women and girls is not related to women and girls.
He established a commission to make economic policy for his country that was half government,
half private sector where women were fully represented. He didn’t have to say anything
about women and girls. People saw the picture, and thank you. Thank you. So, but I just want
you all to think this, I mean, it makes me sick to pick up the paper and think about
this young woman being stoned to death because somebody has made up some story about her
life and saying it’s just our law. It’s not. There’s still a lot places in this world where
women are part human and part property, and where men define their meaning in life partly
by their intrinsic merit and partly by their ability, no matter what else is going wrong
in life, to control somebody else. And I think all of us can speak about that and talk about
that and challenge people to think about what is truly going on in their minds and hearts
that this is still a problem in the world and that we have to come here and have a separate
section on it. Otherwise, I don’t have strong feelings about this. You guys want to say–thank
you all. Let’s give them a hand. Thank you.>>Ladies and gentlemen, please remain in
your seats and allow the heads of state and distinguished guests to leave the room. Thank
you.

Comments (19)

  1. juarassic park music, WTF?

  2. @xTinnaxFaithfulx Why are you subscribed? These are the only kinds of videos that i've seen from google in a while.

  3. Great interview. just finished watching it all and I found it very interesting!

  4. @xTinnaxFaithfulx
    u donĀ“t have to sub google.
    i like this one.
    nice video, thumbs up!

  5. @Buttah2739 like what? cartoon commercials? you like to watch the pretty colors? it must be so fun to be you

  6. @Buttah2739 so you're here to support Google i see, just watch their nifty commercials and give a big fuck you to the rest of the world, no need to be a worthwhile member of society when you can just pop a few Ritalin pills, tell your mommy to bake some brownies and stare at a computer screen all day

  7. @Buttah2739 i'm defending the clinton global initiative and the important work google does not some asshole whos bored by the lack of cartoons

  8. @Buttah2739 you're not paying attention, never mind then, just another disappointment

  9. The role of technology discussion that starts around 55:00 is a great idea, but in reality, you have to deal with mobile devices like smartphones, tablets, etc. but deal with the theft possibility, the social status that these products bring.

    They are not also affordable, they are pricey, and you need collaboration from computer companies to commit to making them affordable for people to use. Its just a little more complicated in real world scenarios. Great discussion!

  10. holy smoke! an hour and a half long video.. the longest ever? google must have super power.. and no i'm not gonna watch this shit.. i would rather watch 4 episodes of south park..

  11. they let clinton go out on jurassic park music?

  12. didn't see much of Mr. Schmidt

  13. i think clinton forgot to mention the epic destruction in iraq in his introduction…

  14. so as Clinton said it's all about the money right?

  15. He would look so much nicer, swinging from a rope!

  16. The Clit-tons, are two of the biggest scumbag,murdering pieces of shit, to have ever walked on two feet! They both deserve the death penalty, for treason! Don't get me wrong, I don't discriminate, every president since JFK, deserves the gallows!!

  17. Communist
    Evil
    Deadly

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  19. people should start using voyjor web browser to stop google monoply

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