ArticlesBlog

Concrete and abstract nouns | The parts of speech | Grammar | Khan Academy

Concrete and abstract nouns | The parts of speech | Grammar | Khan Academy


– [Voiceover] Hello grammarians. So today I’d like to talk to you about the idea of concrete
and abstract nouns, and before we do that, I’d like to get into some
word origins or etymology. So let’s take each of these words in turn, because I think by digging
into what these words mean, literally what they mean
and where they come from, we’ll get a better
understanding of this concept. So both of these words
come to us from Latin. Concrete comes to us
from the Latin concretus, which means to grow together. So this part of it means grown. And this part means together. It refers to something that, you know, has grown together and become thick and kind of hard to get
through and physical. The connotation here is that
this is a physical thing. Something that is concrete is physical. Abstract, on the other hand,
means to draw something away. So something that is abstract
is drawn away from the real, from the concrete, from the physical. So this is not physical. And we make this distinction in English when we’re talking about nouns. Is it something that is concrete, is it something you can look at or pick up or smell or sense or
something that is abstract, something that isn’t physical, but can still be talked about. So for example, the word sadness… Is a noun, right? This is definitely a noun. It’s got this noun-making ending, this noun-forming suffix, ness. You know, we take the adjective sad and we toss this ness part
onto it, we’ve got a noun. But can you see sadness? Is it something you can pick up? Sure, you can tell by being, you know observant and empathetic
that your friend is sad, but it’s not something you can pick up. You can’t be like a
measurable degree of sad. You couldn’t take someone’s sadness, put it under a microscope and say “Oh, Roberta, you are
32 degrees microsad.” You know, it’s not something physical. Concrete things, on the other hand, are things that we can
see or count or measure. Just parts of the physical world. So anything you look at,
like a dog is concrete, a ball is concrete, a cliff is concrete. Happiness… Is abstract. The idea of freedom… Is abstract. Though the presence of
freedom in your life may manifest in physical objects, like “Oh, my parents let me have
the freedom to eat ice cream.” Ice cream is, you know, a concrete noun. But freedom, the thing
that allows you, you know, the permission that you get from your parents to have ice cream. That’s not a physical object. So that’s basically the difference. So a concrete noun is a physical object and an abstract noun is not. This is why I really wanted to hit the idea that a noun can be a
person, place, thing or idea, because nouns can be ideas, and those ideas tend to be abstract. Sadness, happiness, freedom,
permission, liberty, injustice. All of these are abstract ideas. That’s the difference. You can learn anything. David out.

Comments (54)

  1. I like how "concrete" is a concrete noun.

  2. So would a NOUN be an abstract noun….Or what about JOB/OCCUPATION…Or TECHNIQUE…. ORGANIZATION…. DEFINITION….

  3. Is this intended for non-native speakers? Native speakers don't really need the pedantic explanation, and the non-native speakers probably got lost after "etymology".

  4. Someday we WILL figure out how to measure sadness! D:<

  5. One day I will think about making something that can mearsure sadness. XD

  6. David you're awesome

  7. Kind is both the Adjective and noun then why we write kindness while we can use kind as a noun

  8. this helped me sooooo much thank you

  9. 32 degrees micro sad. amazing lol

  10. Good – but a bit too short.

  11. His definition of something concrete is something that we could hold that is tangible, but that's wrong. Take the word "milk" for example. You can't say, "I have two milks." It's abstract, so it must be said "I have two cartons of milk" in order for it to be in concrete structure

  12. I come from the philippines

  13. What if the parent gave the kid "card of permission" to him and the kid will remember that "Permission" is a Physical thing.

  14. 32 degrees microsad πŸ˜‚πŸ˜‚πŸ˜‚πŸ˜‚

  15. So is God concrete or abstract? We cannot see and feel God so God is not concrete, right? Yet God is in the proper noun category. Proper nouns are concrete objects, living thing and person.

  16. Pretty bad explaination

  17. nouns that can be modified to be verbs or adjectives. Is there a rule to that with the noun groups?
    Proper, common, concrete, abstract, "collective"
    or are there many words within in all the groups that can be modified into both adjective and nouns?

  18. Good stuff, but can you please stop trying to sound like Rachel Maddow?

  19. 32degree micro sad 🀣🀣

  20. more like like micro happy

  21. It was so fun! Wow! Amazing I like it <3

  22. i think its no problem to be different than the rest, am i right?

  23. you opened my eyes !!!!!

  24. teaching me alot

  25. U are good david

  26. Thx now my test is god now

  27. Very nice 😎😎😎

  28. What's the difference between concrete and common nouns?

  29. so is a place a concrete or abstract noun?

  30. david what your last name

  31. concrete is bassicaly that you can idenftied with your sense

  32. It was a really nice one it help me a lot in the test.

  33. It is very helpful πŸ₯‡πŸ₯‡πŸ₯‡

  34. hm 2019πŸ‘‹πŸ˜œπŸ˜›πŸ˜›πŸ™€πŸ™€πŸ™€πŸ™€πŸ––πŸ‘…πŸ‘…πŸ‘…βœŠπŸ‘ŠπŸ‘πŸ‘

  35. Informative video
    Thanks Khan Academy 😊😊

  36. Roberta is microsad πŸ˜‚

  37. Ty well explained.

  38. Isn't an action word a verb?

  39. Patient ka abstract noun

  40. Can anyone tell me when to use abstract noun?

  41. So would "dreams' be considered an abstract noun?

  42. i am learning this app

  43. at 0:00 he sounds like james charles πŸ˜‚πŸ˜‚πŸ˜‚πŸ˜‚

Comment here