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ARQUITECTURA | Materiales de construcción innovadores

ARQUITECTURA | Materiales de construcción innovadores


Can you imagine that the buildings
absorb the enviroment pollution, that the cement was capable of
repair itself, or that the sidewalks can shine in the night so that you don’t
lose? what would you say if I tell you this it is not so far from reality Hello
world I am Miros Peace and today I am going to talk about 6 innovative materials in construction The first one is not so new in fact I saw a story about him already a while ago in the Discovery Channel this is a complete constructive system since it serves both to build walls and slabs, ceilings and even furniture The patent was registered in 2002 in the United States, despite the fact that the invention is Argentine the system was created by the
businessman and inventor Matías Konstandt since his dream was to be able to move
around the world (or through Argentina) and be able to take his
house with himself so he came up with this system and this person created his own house with this structure the system is called system molecule just like the house, the house is known as Molecule house or Konstandt house only the foundation is a more traditional system, they are foundations the outside is covered by panels while the interior structure can be mostly appreciated even He has some
furniture made with this structure which is an aluminum stereo structure
formed by 30 centimeters tubes The stereostructure is basically a
grid composed of bars and nodes very similar to other metallic structures the framework of the structure it is formed by triangles which is the most stable geometric shape So the structure is very stable and as being of
aluminum is very light although really the system is not so new what this inventor created is that those bars are joined by nodes and it’s very simple to put together and
obviously to disarm The next two materials are up
certain point similar and both were created by Mexican researchers the first of them it’s the thermo concrete created by Ernesto Ocampo Ruiz together with Juan Gabriel Hernández Medina and it is a joint effort of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, the UNAM and the University of La Salle Bajío so what they did is to create electric power thanks to the properties of
concrete they do this by means of the temperature that reaches the concrete the concrete absorbs heat during the day and holds it regardless of how
the concrete is used the external environment it’s going to have a temperature and the concrete itself will have another temperature so there, in that
exchange of temperatures there is energy so these specialists have achieved
collect that energy, store it and convert it into electrical energy this product is currently patented in Mexico and 9 other countries isn’t yet commercialized but is very close to do it and is a product that could
change the way we build And on the other hand we have cement with luminescent properties also created for a Mexican the researcher of the Michoacán University of San Nicolás de Hidalgo Jose Carlos Rubio Avalos who started doing his research in 2008 unlike the previous this concrete emits its own light that is, it is phosphorescent thanks to the investigations of this person with the help of some
additives and other procedures achieved alter the molecular structure of
concrete so that it is capable of absorb the light and conserve that energy
light to subsequently expel him little by little at night that is, that the
concrete is phosphorescent Nevertheless has the disadvantage that it is
approximately four times more expensive that traditional portland cement this is why is recommended to use it only as a coating. Following with the concrete line we have an investigation that first started at the University of Delft in Holland in which they were working with bacteria to create cement that was capable to repair cracks by itself and that was an investigation that later he resumed by the University of Cardiff together with Cambridge and Bath these universities
search for basically the same but with reinforced concrete or concrete what these researchers are now looking is to find the perfect bacteria to do this process these bacteria in contact with water would produce limestone and this limestone would be what would repair the cracks this would be wonderful although this material still is in its research and
experimentation process since it is a process quite complex they have to find the
the right size of the microcapsules that will protect the bacteria to prevent that concrete crushes them and kills it they have to find the bacteria
appropriate to see how much they are going to expand to match the size from
the spaces that subsequently go to Fill it’s a huge thing but it is expected that
in a few years they find the perfect solution and this product will be
marketed some day. All this seems fascinating, right? Why don’t you share it in your social so more people find out? Now we have a kind of bricks or tiles called Hydroceramic that was developed by students of the Institute of
Advanced Architecture of Catalonia in Spain what these students achieved
with their project is to lower the temperature by humidification I mean moisten the environment so that the sensation of heat inside decreases and they do this through small bubbles or balls of hydrogel
Holds up to 400 times its volume in water and on hot days it would release its
content this is quite ecological because this system in a normal rain will fully charged and subsequently it would be releasing so there wouldn’t be
need of wasting water or anything it would be to take advantage of the same rain in
certain cases could even replace the air conditioner, that was
the main objective pursued by these students in the tests it was shown that it reduced the temperature up to 5 or 6 degrees besides humidifying the environment that It is always recommended in dried climates the structure of this system It’s like the one in a sandwich first has a clay exterior layer whose surface is perforated in cones that allows
Water and air access and then it has a layer of fabric that absorbs the water and transmits it to the hydrogel that is the next in this sandwich and by
last one has another clay layer this time thinner and perforated in a way that allows air entry in a way that increases the cooling effect. Finally we have a brick that aspires pollution this system was
developed by Carmen Trudell assistant professor at the school of architecture
of Cal Poly San Luis Obispo and he called it Breathe Brick the idea comes from a
modern vacuum cleaner since it works similar way It is mainly composed
of two parts one are the bricks of concrete and another is the coupler
recycled plastic which helps to align the bricks and create a route from the outside to the center of the hole brick this system
it would work filtering the air from outside and thanks to its shape and
materials with which it is built I would suck it in a certain way and it would trap 100% of the thick particles for example the powder and approximately 30% of fine particles that would be the rest of
pollution, would discharge all this inside a small hopper for what
subsequently discarded giving out clean air inland so
it would also work as a way of Natural ventilation and obviously
it would help reduce pollution of Exterior These are only six of the
many materials that are currently developing I could even make a new list with sustainable materials if you would like to see this
let me know in comments See you in the next video. Peace.

Comments (20)

  1. Muy interesante la información, muchas gracias arq. MirosPace, tu amigo Abraham Bandala de la Cd. de Puebla

  2. Excelente video, estaria buenisima una serie sobre esto, hay muy poca difusión y sobretodo en latinoamerica. Saludos desde Argentina. Tmb hay concreto bioreceptor, deja q la vegetacion se asiente en el muro y te genera una fachada verde interesante q sirve de filtro de aire y regulador de temperatura.

  3. Hola Miros, vas muy bien, sigue adelante

  4. Fuentes…Por favor

  5. Sí, haz otro video con más materiales y si puedes dejar las fuentes sería grandioso. ¡Éxito!

  6. Aún espero ese vídeo sobre "el concepto " jejejeje, ¡saludos!

  7. Exelente video. Eres de México? En que uni estudiaste? Saludos.

  8. Muy interesante, espero el video de materiales sustentables!! Saludos

  9. Hola, si haz el video de materiales sustentables. Paz

  10. Que tal, están muy buenos tus videos.
    quisiera que me ayudaras, hace tiempo que tengo un problema con las lineas que no se como resolverlo, el problema es el siguiente:
    normalmente yo cargo el tipo de linea desde el layer correspondiente, pero no he podido modificar las escalas por defecto, hay planos en lo que tengo que representar el mismo tipo de linea pero en escalas diferentes, como puedo hacer para que cuando tenga que trazar una linea esta respete cierta escala.
    he utilizado MATCHPROP, LTSCALE Y PLSTCALE PERO NO SOLUCIONAN MI PROBLEMA
    como así como lo haces esta bien (asi lo hago hasta ahora) pero me gustaria saber si se pueden modificar por defecto.
    De antemano gracias y que sigas teniendo exito

  11. me gusta mucho tu canal. Me gustaría que hagas otro video con mas materiales novedosos. Saludos !

  12. Estubo muy bueno tu vídeo… es el primero que veo y me encanto, quisiera que hicieras uno de materiales sustentables si es que se puede… gracias!!!

  13. Siiiiii has el otro vídeo!!

  14. tienes voz de niñita de 7 años,, menores de edad no pueden hacer videos.

  15. Uhhhh changa sos re pesada, dedícate a otra cosa

  16. oye son excelentes ideas para mejorar las técnicas constructivas, te agradezco por la información. saludos desde Panamá.

  17. dejo este enlace saludos https://youtu.be/t96fsfKMCsQ

  18. Muy bueno, me intereza mucho el concreto autorreparable, eso sí que es un avance!! Y el ladrillo como filtro de aire, debería usarce en las ciudades y zonas más pobladas y contaminadas, como también en las zonas industriales, muchas veces el problema es más de iniciativa que de propuestas, a los inventores las falta mejorar sus propuestas y expandirslas al campo real y comercial

  19. Estaría interesante ver sobre los materiales sustentables! Buen video, gracias

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